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                                                              Andes Adventures
Baquedano E5-27 y J. Leon Mera                              Alcanfores 620. Dpto. 202. Miraflores
                               Phone: 593 2 2557176                                               Phone: 51 1 2148029
                               Fax:    593 2 2547576                                                 Fax:     51 1 2148410
                               Quito - Ecuador                                                           Lima - Peru
Copy Right C Andes Adventures - Hugo Torres, 2003
All rights reserved. Reproduction of this web site, in any manner, in whole or in part is prohibited without the written permission of Andes Adventures
The coastal region in the west is a narrow ribbon of desert 2250 km long and covers 11 % of the country with 44% of the population living there. This is the economic heart of Peru, consuming most of the imports and supplying half of the exports. The coastal current teems with fish. Temperatures range from 25-35 degrees Celsius from December to April.   In the winter time, from May to November, the temperature drops down, resulting in cloudy days.

The Selva in the east is the peruvian part of the Amazon basin and covers about half of the country's territory. This is an area of heavy rainfall with cloudforests above 3500 meters of alitude, and tropical rainforest in lower altitudes. In the jungle areas of the south, a cold spell can pass at night. From April to October we find the dry season, with temperatures up to 35 degrees  celsius.

Population: About 23 million inhabitants, mestizo 32%, quechua indians 47%, white 12%, Aymara indiands 5%, others 4%.

Capital: The capital is Lima with an approximate population of 8 million people.

Language  and religion: Spanish is the predominant and official language. Quechua, the ancient language of the Inca´s, is still widely spoken by most indian people, and was also declared as an official language. At the Titicaca Lake area Aymara is also widely spoken.The main religion is Catholic 92%. Other religions: Protestant 6% and others 2%.

Currency: The peruvian currency is called the new sol (1 US$ = aprox. 3.4 new soles).
Country's Territory: 1,285,215 square km.

Geographical Location: Peru is bounded to the west by the Pacific Ocean, in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, to the east by Brazil, and to the south by Bolivia and Chile.

Regions and climate: The Sierra region, in the Andean highlands, is home to about 50% of the country's population. This is a plateau dissected by canyons and dominated by some of the most spectacular mountain ranges in the world. Peru´s highest peak, Huascarán (6768 m) is found here, in the Cordillera Blanca. In the south east we find Lake Titicaca, the largest South American lake and the highest navigable body  of water in the world  (3812 m). From April to October  is the dry season. It is hot and dry, with temperatures between 20-25 degrees Celsius at day, and cold as well as dry temperatures at night, although some nights, temperatures can drop far below freezing. The wet season in the Sierra goes from November to April, with some rainfall, usually in the afternoon.
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