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                                                              Andes Adventures
Baquedano E5-27 y J. Leon Mera                              Alcanfores 620. Dpto. 202. Miraflores
                               Phone: 593 2 2557176                                               Phone: 51 1 2148029
                               Fax:    593 2 2547576                                                 Fax:     51 1 2148410
                               Quito - Ecuador                                                           Lima - Peru
Copy Right C Andes Adventures - Hugo Torres, 2003
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in. At night it can be cool. The rainy season in the Sierra is from November to May. It is this region, where we find the impressive "Avenue of the Volcanoes" containing spectacular snow-capped mountains such as the Chimborazo, the Cotopaxi, the Antizana, Cayambe, Sangay, Illinizas, etc.

The coastal region in the west is an alluvial tropical flat plain. Many rivers flown down into this area resulting in very fertile grounds. This tropical region is characterized by having a humid climate from July to November. In the rainy season there will usually only be a downpour at the end of the day. The average daily temperature is about 30 degrees Celsius.

The Oriente in the east is the ecuadorian part of the Amazon basin, lying between 1500 and 300 meters of altitude. it covers about half of the ecuadorian surface. The oil reserves of Ecuador are found here. It has a tropical and humid climate with a possibility  of rain the whole year round. From December to March and in August there is a relative dry spell, with the wettest months being April to June. Average temperatures are between 25 and 30 degrees Celcius.

The last region of this diverse country, the Galapagos Archipelago, is located at about 1000 km west of Ecuador in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. This region also consists of two seasons marked by climate changes.The rainy season is from January to June and a dry season from July to December. During the rainy season it is often warm and sunny, although, once in a while, there may be a heavy downpour. This is the best time to visit the islands. The other time of the year is often cooler, and may have foggy mornings.

Population: About 13 million inhabitants, mestizo 50%, indian 30%, white 15%, black 5%.

Capital: The capital city is Quito, with an approximate population of 1,5 million residents.

Language  and religion: Spanish is the predominant and official language. Most indigenous people, however, are bilingual and speak their native tongue, Quichua, as well. The main religion is Catholic.

Currency: The US dollar is the only valid currency in the country.
Country's Territory: 270.000 square km.

Geographical Location: Ecuador is bounded to the west by the Pacific Ocean, in the north by Colombia, and to the south and east by Peru.

Regions and climate: The Sierra region in the Andean highlands covers about one quarter of the country, with Chimborazo as its highest peak (6310 m). The Andes have two volcanic mountain ranges runing parallel from north to south. The Altiplano, located between the two mountain ranges, is about 800 km long and up to 70 km wide. The average altitude is between 2000 and 3000 meters. Temperatures are determined by the altitude above sea level. In the capital city, Quito, the average temperature varies from 14 and 21 degrees Celsius in the day, often having sunny mornings.
Late in the afternoon, a rainfall can set
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